Global Climate Talks Agree Modest Package, UN climate Cancun, Canada Honor Climate Deal
Global climate talks agree modest package, fund
CANCUN, Mexico (Reuters) – The world’s governments approved a modest plan on Saturday to combat climate change, including a new “Green Climate Fund” to help poor nations, after sidelining objections by Bolivia.
“This is a new era of international cooperation on climate change,”
It also reaffirms a goal of raising an annual $100 billion in aid for poor countries by 2020.
“I urge you to reconsider,” Bolivian delegate Pablo Solon told Espinosa.
“It’s really pretty historic,” said Christiana Figueres, head of the U.N. Climate Change Secretariat.
“It’s the first time that countries have agreed to such a broad set of instruments and tools that are going to help developing countries in particular,” she said.
Earlier, the United States, China and dozens of other countries rallied around the plan.
Global climate UN climate Cancun fund Canada honor climate deal
UN climate change talks in Cancun agree a deal
UN talks in Cancun have reached a deal to curb climate change, including a fund to help developing countries.
The Green Climate Fund is intended to raise and disburse $100bn (£64bn) a year by 2020 to protect poor nations against climate impacts and assist them with low-carbon development.
A new Adaptation Committee will support countries as they establish climate protection plans.
“Overall, we’ve moved on from Copenhagen – we can leave that ghost behind – it’s another mood, another tone,” said Tara Rao, senior policy adviser with environmental group WWF.
“There’s enough in it that we can work towards next year’s meeting in South Africa to get a legally binding agreement there.”
“We’re talking about a [combined] reduction in emissions of 13-16%, and what this means is an increase of more than 4C,” he said.
“Responsibly, we cannot go along with this – this would mean we went along with a situation that my president has termed ‘ecocide and genocide’,” Mr Solon said.
Developing countries will have their emission-curbing measures subjected to international verification only when they are funded by Western money – a formulation that seemed to satisfy both China, which had concerns on such verification procedures, and the US, which had demanded them.
Canada would honour climate deal: Harper
Prime Minister Stephen Harper says Canada would support a binding international agreement to reduce greenhouse gases.
Harper spoke in Nova Scotia on Friday as delegates at a climate-change conference in Cancun, Mexico, scrambled to hammer out a number of deals in the meeting’s final hours.
“Canada’s objectives at this conference are clear and that is that we want to see the world achieve a legally binding agreement to regulate and control and reduce greenhouse gas emissions for all major emitters of the planet, including Canada,” he said. “Canada is willing to participate in that.”
“There are other countries that do not support that objective. … In some of those cases, and I’m talking about very big emitters, they don’t even support the measurement of greenhouse gas emissions let alone the control of them.
“I just say to anybody who is reasonably minded, let’s focus on efforts on pushing the guys who aren’t wanting an agreement to get to the table and get an agreement.”
China and U.S. at odds
China and the U.S. were bickering over rules for countries to report actions curbing greenhouse gases and submit them to international scrutiny.
Even the forestry program, which had been touted as one of the easiest potential deals at Cancun, met last-minute hurdles over how to make sure that the rights of indigenous communities are safeguarded.
Off the agenda was any proposal for industrial countries to ramp up the modest pledges they made at the Copenhagen meeting for reducing greenhouse gas emissions that are causing a measurable rise in the Earth’s average temperature.
That summit failed to produce a hoped-for overarching climate pact and instead concluded with a three-page political document, the Copenhagen Accord.
The 27-nation European Union wants language specifying that emissions pledges over the last year fall short of what scientists say is necessary to keep the Earth from overheating to dangerous levels.
A key issue of contention was whether to make the post-Copenhagen national emissions pledges legally binding, and in what kind of document.
The answer to those questions would determine the fate of the Kyoto Protocol, the 1997 document that set reductions targets for 37 wealthy countries and expires in 2012. The United States rejected Kyoto — the only industrialized country to do so — because it didn’t require fast-growing economies such as China and India to limit their emissions.